Complications of Retaining Wisdom Teeth and Their Treatments

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In adolescence or early adulthood, wisdom teeth, also known as third molars, usually emerge. While some individuals can keep these teeth without issues, many face complications due a to lack of space in the mouth. Retaining wisdom teeth can lead to various complications. Ignoring these complications can lead to discomfort and potential oral health problems. These include impacted teeth that cause pain and swelling, crowding of other teeth, infections, and the development of cysts or tumors. These issues can impact both oral health and overall well-being. At Dentistry on Gloucester, our experienced team of dentists is well-equipped to provide top-notch care for retaining wisdom teeth. Fortunately, treatments are available to address these complications. Regular dental check-ups are essential to monitor wisdom teeth development and tackle issues early on, ensuring a healthy and pain-free smile. This blog will explore the common complications of not removing wisdom teeth and discuss their treatments.

What are the complications of retaining wisdom teeth?

  • Impacted wisdom teeth:When there isn’t enough room for wisdom teeth to develop correctly, they can become impacted—meaning they get stuck beneath the gums or against other teeth. As a result, it can be painful, swollen, and infected.
  • Crowding:Wisdom teeth can exert pressure on existing teeth as they try to emerge. This crowding can cause misalignment, leading to discomfort and affecting your smile’s appearance. So, you have no choice but to visit an experienced orthodontist to fix your smile. 
  • Cysts and tumors:Impacted wisdom teeth can form cysts or benign tumors. These growths can damage nearby teeth and bone, leading to more extensive treatment.
  • Infection and gum disease:Partially erupted wisdom teeth can create pockets where food particles and bacteria gather, leading to endodontic infection or gum disease. It can cause pain, swelling, and bad breath.

What are treatments for wisdom teeth complications?

  • Extraction:The most common solution for impacted or problematic wisdom teeth is extraction. Dentists or oral surgeons perform this procedure under local or general anesthesia. The removal prevents further complications and promotes oral health.
  • Antibiotics:For cases of infection or inflammation, antibiotics may be prescribed to control and prevent the spread of infection. However, antibiotics alone cannot resolve the underlying issue; removal is often necessary.
  • Pain management:Over-the-counter pain relievers can help manage discomfort caused by wisdom teeth complications. However, it’s crucial to consult a dental professional like an emergency dentist for proper diagnosis and guidance.
  • Periodontal treatment:If gum disease is present due to impacted wisdom teeth, a dentist or periodontist may recommend deep cleaning and scaling to restore gum health.
  • Cyst or tumor removal:If a cyst or tumor develops around a wisdom tooth, surgical removal is necessary to prevent further damage to the surrounding bone and tissues.

How to prevent wisdom teeth complications?

Routine dental check-ups are important for monitoring the development of wisdom teeth, preserving your dental health, and addressing any emerging issues promptly. X-rays can provide insight into the positioning of wisdom teeth and potential problems.

Remember that seeking timely care for wisdom teeth problems contributes to maintaining optimal oral health and preventing future complications.